Argentina’s Ki…

Argentina’s Kirchner hits out at IMF threat


Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner, President of Argentina speaks during the 67th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the United Nations in New York. Kirchner hit back at the IMF on Tuesday for warning her country about bad data, saying her nation would not be subjected to threats of any kind.

Tue, Sep 25 2012 CDT

By Agence France-Presse


Argentina’s President Cristina Kirchner hit back at the IMF on Tuesday for warning her country about bad data, saying her nation would not be subjected to threats of any kind.

International Monetary Fund chief Christine Lagarde warned Monday that Argentina faces a “red card” if it does not produce acceptable data on growth and inflation by December.

An animated Kirchner, speaking to the UN General Assembly, said: “My country is not a football pitch. It is a sovereign nation which makes sovereign decisions.

“As such it is not going to be submitted to any pressure, and much less to any threat,” she said to cheers.

“I would like to tell the IMF managing director: this is not a football match. This is an economic and political crisis, and the worst one in memory since the (Depression era) 1930s.”

“And since we are comparing football (soccer) with politics and economics, I would like to say that the performance of the head of FIFA has been much better than those of the head of the Fund or the IMF directors,” Kirchner quipped to boisterous applause.

Last week the IMF officially warned Argentina it could face sanctions in December if it did not move to begin providing more accurate economic data.

If progress has not been made by December 17, the IMF board said it “may consider additional steps,” without being specific.

Failure to meet IMF rules can lead to sanctions, including suspending a member’s voting rights — an extremely rare event which would be a first for a developed G20 country such as Argentina.

The IMF and Argentina have been battling over Buenos Aires’s widely questioned official data since 2011, with private sector economists saying the government vastly understates the pace of price rises.

In early September the government released monthly figures that implied an annual inflation rate through August of around 10 percent.

But a group of private economists who average their own estimates put the pace of inflation at 24 percent.

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Tobacco Single Largest Preventable Cause of Death


By: Prof Javaid Khan FRCP(Edin) Aga Khan University



Tobacco use is the single largest preventable cause of disease, disability and death in Pakistan. According to estimates 100,000 people die every year in this country as a result of tobacco use.

The “Prohibition of Smoking and Protection of Non Smoker Health Law” was passed by the federal cabinet in 2002. According to this law smoking was prohibited at all public places including hotels, restaurants, cafes and restrictions were placed on tobacco advertising as well as on the sale of tobacco to minors.  A resolution against smoking shisha in restaurants and public places was also passed by the Sindh Assembly earlier this year. Despite claims by the Commissioner of Karachi through various national newspapers regarding the province-wide ban on shisha, this law has yet to be translated into action, and hundreds of restaurants continue to propagate this heinous addiction, destroying the health of Pakistani youth.

In countries where anti-tobacco laws are implemented, the prevalence of smoking has declined significantly, and as a direct consequence of this, so have the diseases attributed to active and passive smoking. Unfortunately, not much effort has been invested on the implementation of anti-tobacco laws in this country, despite of their existence in the legislation. Recently, on a visit to Islamabad and Lahore, I was appalled by blatant violations of the law at many reputable hotels and restaurants. Even more unsettling was the helplessness of the Civil Aviation authority to execute the smoking ban at the Lahore airport, where smoking enthusiasts sacrilegiously puffed away. The situation was not very different at the Karachi airport, with people smoking at a coffee shop situated in the center of the domestic departure lounge.

Furthermore, according to the current law all universities are supposed to be smoke free zones, but the silence of the vice chancellors on the rising trend of smoking within the universities and the lack of effort to put the smoking ban into effect is disheartening to note. Let’s not forget, silence is equivalent to acquiescence.

Last year we carried out a research in which tobacco smoke pollution (TSP) was measured at various restaurants and cafes in major cities of Pakistan. What was shocking about the results was the very high level of TSP at cafes where shisha was being served. In another research done on the university student populace of Karachi we found that almost 50% of the youth is now addicted to shisha.

As a Professor of Chest Medicine, I am concerned about the rising incidence of respiratory diseases in the country. More than 50% of the lung diseases are preventable if only smoking is avoided. Through this letter I request the concerned authorities to take appropriate steps for the implementation of anti-smoking laws of the country. Our future generations will not forgive us for the apathy we are showing towards the control of tobacco; the most powerful addictive substance available in the world today.


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یک شخص نے یوں قصہ سنایا کہ میں اور میرے ماموں نے حسب معمول مکہ حرم شریف میں نماز جمعہ ادا کی اورگھر کو واپسی کیلئے روانہ ہوئے۔ شہر سے باہر نکل کر سڑک کے کنارے کچھ فاصلے پر ایک بے آباد سنسان مسجد آتی ہے، مکہ شریف کو آتے جاتے سپر ہائی وے سے
بارہا گزرتے ہوئے اس جگہ اور اس مسجد پر ہماری نظر پڑتی رہتی ہے اور ہم ہمیشہ ادھر سے ہی گزر کر جاتے ہیں مگر آج جس چیز نے میری توجہ اپنی طرف کھینچ لی تھی وہ تھی ای

ک نیلے رنگ کی فورڈ کار جو مسجد کی خستہ حال دیوار کے ساتھ کھڑی تھی، چند لمحے تو میں سوچتا رہا کہ اس کار کا اس سنسان مسجد کے پاس کیا کام! مگر اگلے لمحے میں نے کچھ جاننے کا فیصلہ کرتے ہوئے اپنی کار کو رفتار کم کرتے ہوئے مسجد کی طرف جاتی کچی سائڈ روڈ پر ڈال دیا، میرا ماموں جو عام طور پر واپسی کا سفر غنودگی میں گزارتا ہے اس نے بھی اپنی اپنی آنکھوں کو وا کرتے ہوئے میری طرف حیرت سے دیکھتے ہوئے پوچھتا، کیا بات ہے، ادھر کیوں جا رہے ہو؟

ہم نے اپنی کار کو مسجد سے دور کچھ فاصلے پر روکا اور پیدل مسجد کی طرف چلے، مسجد کے نزدیک جانے پر اندر سے کسی کی پرسوز آواز میں سورۃ الرحمٰن تلاوت کرنے کی آواز آ رہی تھی، پہلے تو یہی اردہ کیا کہ باہر رہ کر ہی اس خوبصورت تلاوت کو سنیں ، مگر پھر یہ سوچ کر کہ اس بوسیدہ مسجد میں جہاں اب پرندے بھی شاید نہ آتے ہوں، اند جا کر دیکھنا تو چاہیئے کہ کیا ہو رہا ہے؟

ہم نے اند جا کر دیکھا ایک نوجوان مسجد میں جاء نماز بچھائے ہاتھ میں چھوٹا سا قرآن شریف لئے بیٹھا تلاوت میں مصروف ہے اور مسجد میں اس کے سوا اور کوئی نہیں ہے۔ بلکہ ہم نے تو احتیاطا ادھر ادھر دیکھ کر اچھی طرح تسلی کر لی کہ واقعی کوئی اور موجود تو نہیں ہے۔

میں نے اُسے السلام و علیکم و رحمۃ اللہ و برکاتہ کہا، اس نے نطر اُٹھا کر ہمیں دیکھا، صاف لگ رہا تھا کہ کسی کی غیر متوقع آمد اس کے وہم و گمان میں بھی نہ تھی، حیرت اس کے چہرے سے عیاں تھی۔

اُس نے ہمیں جوابا وعلیکم السلام و علیکم و رحمۃ اللہ و برکاتہ کہا۔

میں نے اس سے پوچھا، عصر کی نماز پڑھ لی ہے کیا تم نے، نماز کا وقت ہو گیا ہے اور ہم نماز پڑھنا چاہتے ہیں۔

اُس کے جواب کا انتظار کئے بغیر میں نے اذان دینا شروع کی تو وہ نوجوان قبلہ کی طرف رخ کئے مسکرا رہا تھا، کس بات پر یا کس لئے یہ مسکراہٹ، مجھے پتہ نہیں تھا۔ عجیب معمہ سا تھا۔

پھر اچانک ہی اس نوجوان نے ایک ایسا جملہ بولا کہ مجھے اپنے اعصاب جواب دیتے نظر آئے،

نوجوان کسی کو کہہ رہا تھا؛ مبارک ہو، آج تو باجماعت نماز ہوگی۔

میرے ماموں نے بھی مجھے تعجب بھری نظروں سے دیکھا جسے میں نظر انداز کر تے ہوئے اقامت کہنا شروع کردی۔

جبکہ میرا دماغ اس نوجوان کے اس فقرے پر اٹکا ہوا تھا کہ مبارک ہو، آج تو باجماعت نماز ہوگی۔

دماغ میں بار بار یہی سوال آ رہا تھا کہ یہ نوجوان آخر کس سے باتیں کرتا ہے، مسجد میں ہمارے سوا کوئی بندہ و بشر نہیں ہے، مسجد فارغ اور ویران پڑی ہے۔ کیا یہ پاگل تو نہیں ہے؟

میں نے نماز پڑھا کر نوجوان کو دیکھا جو ابھی تک تسبیح میں مشغول تھا۔

میں نے اس سے پوچھا، بھائی کیا حال ہے تمہارا؟ جسکا جواب اس نے ــ’بخیر و للہ الحمد‘ کہہ کر دیا۔

میں نے اس سے پھر کہا، اللہ تیری مغفرت کرے، تو نے میری نماز سے توجہ کھینچ لی ہے۔ ’وہ کیسے‘ نوجوان نے حیرت سے پوچھا۔

میں نے جواب دیا کہ جب میں اقامت کہہ رہا تھا تو نے ایک بات کہی مبارک ہو، آج تو باجماعت نماز ہوگی۔

نوجوان نے ہنستے ہوئے جواب دیا کہ اس میں ایسی حیرت والی کونسی بات ہے؟

میں نے کہا، ٹھیک ہے کہ اس میں حیرت والی کوئی بات نہیں ہے مگر تم بات کس سے کر رہے تھے آخر؟

نوجوان میری بات سن کر مسکرا تو ضرور دیا مگر جواب دینے کی بجائے اس نے اپنی نظریں جھکا کر زمین میں گاڑ لیں، گویا سوچ رہا ہو کہ میری بات کا جواب دے یا نہ دے۔

میں نے اپنی بات کو جاری رکھتے ہوئے کہا کہ مجھے نہیں لگتا کہ تم پاگل ہو، تمہاری شکل بہت مطمئن اور پر سکون ہے، اور ماشاءاللہ تم نے ہمارے ساتھ نماز بھی ادا کی ہے۔

اس بار اُس نے نظریں اُٹھا کر مجھے دیکھا اور کہا؛ میں مسجد سے بات کر رہا تھا۔

اس کی بات میرے ذہن پر بم کی کی طرح لگی، اب تو میں سنجیدگی سے سوچنے لگا کہ یہ شخص ضرور پاگل ہے۔

میں نے ایک بار پھر اس سے پوچھا، کیا کہا ہے تم نے؟ تم اس مسجد سے گفتگو کر رہے تھے؟ تو پھر کیا اس مسجد نے تمہیں کوئی جواب دیا ہے؟

اُس نے پھرمسکراتے ہوئے ہی جواب دیا کہ مجھے ڈر ہے تم کہیں مجھے پاگل نہ سمجھنا شروع کر دو۔

میں نے کہا، مجھے تو ایسا ہی لگ رہا ہے، یہ فقط پتھر ہیں، اور پتھر نہیں بولا کرتے۔

اُس نے مسکراتے ہوئے کہا کہ آپکی بات ٹھیک ہے یہ صرف پتھر ہیں۔

اگر تم یہ جانتے ہو کہ یہ صرف پتھر ہیں جو نہ سنتے ہیں اور نہ بولتے ہیں تو باتیں کس سے کیں؟

نوجوان نے نظریں پھر زمیں کی طرف کر لیں، جیسے سوچ رہا ہو کہ جواب دے یا نہ دے۔

اور اب کی بار اُس نے نظریں اُٹھائے بغیر ہی کہا کہ ؛

میں مسجدوں سے عشق کرنے والا انسان ہوں، جب بھی کوئی پرانی، ٹوٹی پھوٹی یا ویران مسجد دیکھتا ہوں تو اس کے بارے میں سوچتا ہوں

مجھے اُنایام خیال آجاتا ہے جب لوگ اس مسجد میں نمازیں پڑھا کرتے ہونگے۔

پھر میں اپنے آپ سے ہی سوال کرتا ہوں کہ اب یہ مسجد کتنا شوق رکھتی ہوگی کہ کوئی تو ہو جو اس میں آکر نماز پڑھے، کوئی تو ہو جو اس میں بیٹھ کر اللہ کا ذکر کرے۔ میں مسجد کی اس تنہائی کے درد کو محسوس کرتا ہوں کہ کوئی تو ہو جو ادھر آ کر تسبیح و تحلیل کرے، کوئی تو ہو جو آ کر چند آیات پڑھ کر ہی اس کی دیواروں کو ہلا دے۔

میں تصور کر سکتا ہوں کہ یہ مسجد کس قدر اپنے آپ کو باقی مساجد میں تنہا پاتی ہوگی۔

کس قدر تمنا رکھتی ہوگی کہ کوئی آکر چند رکعتیں اور چند سجدے ہی اداکر جائے اس میں۔

کوئی بھولا بھٹکا مسافر، یا راہ چلتا انسان آ کر ایک اذان ہی بلند کرد ے۔

پھر میں خود ہی ایسی مسجد کو جواب دیا کرتا ہوں کہ اللہ کی قسم، میں ہوں جو تیرا شوق پورا کرونگا۔

اللہ کی قسم میں ہوں جو تیرے آباد دنوں جیسے ماحول کو زندہ کرونگا۔

پھر میں ایسی مسجدمیں داخل ہو کر دو رکعت پڑھتا ہوں اور قرآن شریف کے ایک سیپارہ کی تلاوت کرتا ہوں۔

میرے بھائی، تجھے میری باتیں عجیب لگیں گی، مگر اللہ کی قسم میں مسجدوں سے پیار کرتا ہوں، میں مسجدوں کا عاشق ہوں۔

میری آنکھوں آنسوؤں سے بھر گئیں، اس بار میں نے اپنی نظریں زمیں میں ٹکا دیں کہ کہیں نوجوان مجھے روتا ہوا نہ دیکھ لے،

اُس کی باتیں۔۔۔۔۔ اُس کا احساس۔۔۔۔۔اُسکا عجیب کام۔۔۔۔۔اور اسکا عجیب اسلوب۔۔۔۔۔کیا عجیب شخص ہے جسکا دل مسجدوں میں اٹکا رہتا ہے۔۔۔۔۔

میرے پاس کہنے کیلئے اب کچھ بھی تو نہیں تھا۔

صرف اتنا کہتے ہوئے کہ، اللہ تجھے جزائے خیر دے، میں نے اسے سلام کیا، مجھے اپنی دعاؤں میں یاد رکھنا کہتے ہوئے اُٹھ کھڑا ہوا۔

مگر ایک حیرت ابھی بھی باقی تھی۔

نوجوان نے پیچھے سے مجھے آواز دیتے ہوئے کہا تو میں دروازے سے باہر جاتے جاتے رُک گیا،

نوجوان کی نگاہیں ابھی بھی جُھکی تھیں اور وہ مجھے کہہ رہا تھا کہ جانتے ہو جب میں ایسی ویران مساجد میں نماز پڑھ لیتا ہوں تو کیا دعا مانگا کرتا ہوں؟

میں نے صرف اسے دیکھا تاکہ بات مکمل کرے۔

اس نے اپنی بات کا سلسلہ جاری رکھتے ہوئے کہا میں دعا مانگا کرتا ہوں کہ

’ اے میرے پروردگار، اے میرے رب! اگر تو سمجھتا ہے کہ میں نے تیرے ذکر ، تیرے قرآن کی تلاوت اور تیری بندگی سے اس مسجد کی وحشت و ویرانگی کو دور کیا ہے تو اس کے بدلے میں تو میرے باپ کی قبر کی وحشت و ویرانگی کو دور فرما دے، کیونکہ تو ہی رحم و کرم کرنے والا ہے‘

مجھے اپنے جسم میں ایک سنسناہٹ سی محسوس ہوئی، اپنے آپ پر قابو نہ رکھ سکا اور پھوٹ پھوٹ کر رو دیا۔

پیارے دوست، پیاری بہن
کیا عجیب تھا یہ نوجوان، اور کیسی عجیب محبت تھی اسے والدین سے!
کسطرح کی تربیت پائی تھی اس نے؟
اور ہم کس طرح کی تربیت دے رہے ہیں اپنی اولاد کو؟
ہم کتنے نا فرض شناس ہیں اپنے والدین کے چاہے وہ زندہ ہوں یا فوت شدہ؟
بس اللہ سے دعا ہے کہ وہ ہمیں نیک اعمال کی توفیق دے اور ہمارا نیکی پر خاتمہ کرے، اللھم آمین

ازراہ کرم! اگر آپ کو اس =ا موضوع اچھا لگا ہے تو اپنے ان احباب کو بھیج دیجیئے جن کا آپ چاہتے ہیں بھلا اور فائدہ ہو جائے۔

مت بھولئے کہ نیکی کی ترغیب دلانے والے کو نیکی کرنے والے جتنا ثواب ملتا ہے۔

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Makkah Train Ticket Prices & Services Announced for its First Hajj Season



It was announced yesterday that Muslims wishing to use Makkah’s first metro when they converge on the holy city next month for their annual pilgrimage will have to pay SR250 for a ticket that will serve them for seven days.



Three different types of tickets will cover all holy sites in Makkah and will allow the pilgrims to take the train into the city to perform their rites before returning to their residence inside or outside the city, Ajel online newspaper said, quoting Habib Zain Alabidin, Undersecretary at the Saudi Ministry of Municipal Affairs:

The ticket’s price is set at SR250 (US$ 67) that will cover a full trip into and out of Mecca for seven days…another ticket is priced at SR100 (US$ 27) for four days,” he said.



Officials said last week the train has a capacity to transport 170,000 passengers in its first stage and two million when the third and final phase is completed.

Saudi Arabia has allocated nearly SR6.7 billion (US$ 1.8 billion) for the metro, which begins continuous service next month for the first time in Mecca’s history. Officials expect the project to largely contribute to easing road congestions caused by the accumulation of thousands of cars near Makkah.

Habib Zain Alabidin says the railway would operate throughout the year. The project is part of a costly programme by Saudi Arabia to tackle massive traffic congestions in and around the city and facilitate access to all sacred sites in Makkah.


The train project, initiated three years ago, followed a series of incidents that have killed thousands of pilgrims in stampedes, building collapses and other accidents during the few days of the Haj season.

More than two million Muslims from Saudi Arabia, the Gulf Co-operation Council countries and other nations descend on Makkah every year to perform the pilgrimage.


China Railway Construction Corp, part of a Saudi-French-Chinese consortium which won the contract, is carrying out the project, involving nearly 5,000 workers. The train is the Gulf’s second metro system after the Dubai Metro.





















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5 Tips for Speeding Up Windows XP Performance

If some of your Windows XP client PCs run slower than others, it could be due to some of the default settings located in the Performance Options dialog box. You can change the options in this dialog box to boost the performance of a Windows XP client. Let’s examine the settings you can change to improve Windows XP’s performance.

1: Access the Performance options

The most useful Windows XP performance-tuning options are on the Visual Effects and Advanced tabs of the Performance Options dialog box. Go to Start | Control Panel | System | Performance | Settings to open this dialog box. Figure A shows both the Visual Effects and Advanced tabs with the performance options you can easily modify.

Figure A


2: Change Visual Effects settings

The Visual Effects tab is the easiest place to start when troubleshooting certain performance problems. By default, Windows XP enables visual effects, such as the Scroll option for the Start menu. These effects consume system resources. If you’re troubleshooting a sluggish system, try choosing the Adjust For Best Performance option, which will disable many of these visual effects settings. Of course, you’ll lose the cool visual effects, but there’s always a tradeoff for performance.

3: Change Processor Scheduling settings

If you’re troubleshooting something more than sluggish screen redraws, you’ll need to adjust the performance options on the Advanced tab of the Performance Options dialog box. There are three sections on this tab: Processor Scheduling, Memory Usage, and Virtual Memory. The settings in these sections have a major impact on how your system operates.

The Processor Scheduling section controls how much processor time Windows XP devotes to a program or process. The processor has a finite amount of resources to divide among the various applications. Choosing the Programs option will devote the most processor time to the program running in the foreground. Choosing Background Services allocates equal processor time to all running services, which can include print jobs and other applications running in the background. If your users complain about slow-running programs, you could try setting the processor scheduling to Programs.

On the flip side, if users complain that print jobs never print or are slow to print, or if they run a macro in one application while working in another, you may want to assign equal time slices (called quanta) to each process by choosing the Background Services option. If you use the Windows XP machine as a server, you’re better off choosing the Background Services option.

4: Change Memory Usage settings

The Memory Usage section governs how Windows XP uses system RAM. The first option, Programs, allocates more RAM to running applications. For desktop systems with very little RAM, this selection gives the best performance. For a server or a desktop with a lot of RAM, however, choosing the System Cache setting will yield better performance. When set to System Cache, the system will use most of the available RAM as a disk cache, which can result in major performance improvements on systems that depend on disk I/O.

5: Change Virtual Memory settings

A number of settings in the Virtual Memory section affect how Windows XP performs. Virtual memory is an area on the disk that Windows uses as if it were RAM. Windows requires this type of system in the event that it runs out of physical RAM. The virtual memory space is used as a swap space where information residing in RAM is written to the virtual memory space (also called the page file or swap file) to free up RAM for other processes. When the system needs the information in the swap file, Windows puts it back into RAM and writes something else out to the disk in its place.

Windows XP has a recommended default page file size of 1.5 times the amount of system RAM. You can let Windows completely manage this file or have no file at all. I highly recommend that you do not remove the paging file because you’ll experience a noticeable degradation of system performance without it.

One way to boost system performance is to place the paging file on a separate physical hard drive from the operating system. The only caveat is if the second drive is slower than the primary drive, you’d want to leave the paging file where it is.

You can also span the paging file across multiple disks to increase performance. To make changes to the virtual memory, click the Change tab on the Advanced tab of the Performance Options dialog box, make your desired changes, and click Set. Any changes you make will take effect after you reboot the machine.

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Sindh – Glimpses from History during British RUle

Photograph of the Tomb of Makhdum Saheb at Hala in Sindh, taken by Henry Cousens in 1896




Full-length standing studio portrait of a Muslim girl from Karachi in Sind , Pakistan, taken by Michie and Company in c. 1870. The girl in the photograph demonstrates the method of wearing ear and nose rings, necklace and anklets. She is also wearing ceremonial dress and has a lock of hair pulled down over her forehead.




Photograph of the Shrine of Zind Pir at Sukkur in the Shikarpur District of Sindh in Pakistan, taken by Henry Cousens in 1896-7.

This view looks across the causeway towards the entrance to the tomb. Cousens wrote in the Progress Report of the Archaeological Survey of Sindh, 1897, “Upon the upper side of Sukkur, and joined to it at low water, is the compact little island upon which, under the cool shade of some large trees, is the famous shrine of Zinda or ‘Zind’ Pir. The island has been raised and protected against the corrosion of the river by retaining walls of strong rubble masonry all around. The great gateway facing Rohri is a far more imposing structure than the mean little domed shrine itself. The latter occupies the centre of the island, and is a remarkable plain small square building surmounted by a low dome…”




Photograph of Pir Rukan Shah’s Tomb at Matiari in Sindh. 1895 




Below is a general view of the tomb, a square domed building, built in 1764




Photograph with a view looking over the houses of the town towards the Baluch Lines of the Karachi Cantonment, taken by an unknown photographer, c.1900, from an album of 46 prints titled ‘Karachi Views’. Views 21-32 from this album join together to form a 360 degree panorama of the city from the tower of Trinity Church. Karachi, one of the world’s largest metropolises, was once the capital of Pakistan




Girls class in progress, Kurrachee (Karachi) 1860s




Carpet Weavers in Karachi jail, 1873.

This image of a line of carpet weavers seated at their looms in a shed was shown at the Vienna Exhibition of that year. In the 19th century a number of schemes for a carpet industry was developed in government jails in India partly in order to train convicts in a skill but also to provide a cheaper market for traditional patterns.




Churches in Karachi (pics taken in 1850s- 1870s)

Christ church



Interior of Christ Church



Church of Holy Trinity

Completed in 1855, Holy Trinity was the first major church to be built in Karachi . Although it was designed by Captain John Hill, changes were made by John Brunton during its construction. The church is built in local, buff colour Gizri stone. This view of the exterior of the church shows the tower and roof in its original state. The tower has five storeys above the buttressed entranceway of the tower and the roof is pitched. Two stories of the tower were removed for safety in 1904 and a new barrel vaulted roof was was put in place in the 1970s.



Saint Paul Church

St Paul’s Church is situated on Manora island, which was first occupied by the British in 1839. This view shows the exterior of St Paul ‘s, a simple five bay structure



St. Andrew’s Church

The Anglican St. Andrew’s Church or Scotch Church was completed in 1868. The designer of St. Andrew’s was T.G. Newnham, a Chief Resident Engineer of the Sindh Railway. The architecture of St Andrew’s seen in this view shows a blend of the Romanesque and Gothic styles. The entrance of the church by means of the octagonal porch shown on the left of this photograph is unusual in its design.





Map of Hyderabad and the neighbourhood executed in water-colour by Henry Francis Ainslie (c.1805-1879), January 1852. Inscribed on the front in pencil is: ‘Fort of & station, with city of Hyderabad, Scinde (Sindh). Jan 1852




Water-colour painting of the Fort at Hyderabad ( Sind) by Henry Francis Ainslie (c.1805-1879), December 1851. Inscribed on the front of the mount in red ink is: ‘Sindh. Fort of Hyderabad, capital of Sindh, from the Belloochee lines. The tower contained the treasures of the Ameers of Sindh. Dec 1851




Sukkur in 1860s




Inauguration of a bridge near Sukkur, 1895




Indus River, Kotri 1851




Photograph showing four men fishing for palla at the water’s edge, with nets and earthernware floats, near Kotri in Sindh province, Pakistan, taken by an unknown photographer in the 1890s. Sindh encompasses the Lower Indus Basin with its delta, and is edged by the Arabian Sea on the south-west. The palla (tenualosa ilisha), a type of shad, is the most important variety of freshwater fish caught in Sindh. In February and March the fish ascend the Indus River in large numbers for spawning. The most common method of fishing for palla is to use a bag net attached to a long pole forked at the end. The limbs of the fork are about five feet in length and keep the net open as long as a double cord which runs along them is kept taut. The fisherman floats downstream on a chatty or earthen pot such as the ones seen in this view. His stomach forms a stopper over the mouth of the chatty while he is in the water. The fish are caught in the net then stabbed with an iron spike and placed into the chatty. The waters of the Indus provided rich fisheries, but in modern times these are under threat from over-fishing, abandoning of traditional methods, and reduction of freshwater by the increase of dams, barrages and reservoirs. This photograph is from an album of 91 prints apparently compiled by P. J. Corbett, a PWD engineer involved in irrigation work at the famine relief camp at Shetpal Tank in 1897, and in canal construction in Sindh in the early 1900s.




Photograph of the bazaar street at Shikarpur in the Sindh province now in Pakistan , taken by an unknown photographer in the 1890s. 

The mud daub roof, supported on a wooden framework, is largely collapsed. The historic town of Shikarpur , founded in the 17th century, was once an important trading centre.

Due to its strategic location on the caravan routes of the 17th century, Shikarpur became the greatest commercial city in Sindh , Pakistan . Its merchants and bankers held commercial relations with all the principal markets of Central Asia, including Khorasan, Bukhara and Samarkand . Commercial cities of the Muslim world were known for their central covered bazaars and Shikarpur was no exception, its bazaar, lined with shops mostly run by Hindu merchants, ran through the centre of the old city, which is now much decayed.


The Persian ruler Nadir Shah (1688-1747) is said to have stayed in Shikarpur on his march through Sindh while returning from invading India in 1739. This photograph is from an album of 91 prints apparently compiled by P. J. Corbett, a PWD engineer involved in irrigation work at the famine relief camp at Shetpal Tank in 1897, and in canal construction in Sindh in the early 1900s.




Cousens wrote in ‘The Antiquities of Sind’ of 1890, “The brickwork…is very superior, the bricks, or, at least, those on the surface, being made of the best pottery clay, perfectly formed and dense, having cleanly-cut sharp edges, and of a rich dark red. The enamelled bricks are glazed, upon their outer surfaces, in light and dark blue and white…The coloured dadoes are an especially fine feature…A single design, without duplication, will sometimes cover several square yards of surface…Then, again, some tiles are as small as half an inch square, and over a hundred are used in a square foot, of mixed sizes, forming a perfect mosaic…”


Check out the old Sindhi cap on the guy (Owner or the same fella shown on above Image), how it has evolved.




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Stop Wasting Your Boss’s Time

Adapted from the Harvard Manage Mentor Online Module: Time Management.

It’s easy to complain about a manager who wastes time. It’s much harder to see how you might misuse that manager’s time. Here are three ways to minimize the impact you have on your supervisor’s tight schedule:

  • Self-delegate. Avoid requesting his/her intervention too often. If you or one of your direct reports can accomplish the task without your boss’s help, do it.
  • Present solutions, not problems. Don’t bring problems to your boss to solve. Instead, bring proposed solutions, and seek his feedback.
  • Accommodate her working style. For example, if he/she prefers to receive information in writing rather than in person, honor those preferences even if it’s not your style.


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